GSM 121 HISTORY OF JAZZ
Instructor: Dr. Cenk Güray
Lecture hours: Friday 10:30-13:20 B1007 Office number: 213 Office telephone: 5868392
Course Description: This course gives a background about the history of jazz as a music and philosophy. It covers all the important time intervals that shaped up the jazz music in the world and concludes by concentrating on the development of jazz in Turkey. The topics of the course are supplemented by a rich amount of live and recorded musical examples. Any previous musical experience is not required for this course. The students will be encouraged to apply the experiences achieved from this course to their professional life, being parallel to the systems approach and improvisation characteristics of jazz music.
Objectives of the course:
Topics and tentative schedule:
Word of “jazz”, diffusion and universality of jazz, jazz as a complement to our culture, the spirit of jazz.
2. The roots of jazz(1 week)
African music and culture, African-American folk music, work songs, music in churchs, spirituals, New Orleans, European tradition, Ragtime, Scott Joplin, Brass Band music.
3. The Blues, the mother tongue of jazz (1 week)
The origin of blues, blues form, country blues, urban blues, instrumental blues, modern blues, rhythm and blues, rock’n roll, rock music.
4. Jazz in its infancy(1 week)
Historical overview from the beginning to World War 1, a musical definition according to the regions, the jazz combo, early jazz musicians and their music, Ragtime jazz bands. Special class discussion: Select a concert review from the Jazz Magazine, read it and comment on it in the class.
1stAssignment: (Concert criticism about a live jazz performance)%20
1st Midterm (From the “First Years of Jazz” through the “Swing Era”) %20
5. The jazz age, from wo/rld war 1 through the roaring twenties (1 week)
Jazz and morality, the New Orleans sound, King Oliver, Jelly Roll Morton, Louis Armstrong, women in jazz, Boogie-woogie, Chigago jazz
6. The swing era(1 week)
The great depression, jazz and popular music, Big Bands, Duke Elllington, early swing bands, Kansas city swing, the king of swing “Benny Goodman”, Glenn Miller A guest lecturer: A jazz musician will participate the course.
7. Modern jazz, the bebop revolution(1 week)
Origins of new style, musical characteristics, social background, the “Bird” Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, the pianists, looking back. Film criticism: A film about jazz will be watched and discussed.
8. A proliferation of styles, from the 40’s through the 50’s(1+ week)
Overview, cool jazz, third stream, west coast jazz, funky and hard bop, Sonny Rollins, Miles Davis, social cause and musical effect.
9. Social and musical revolution, the 1960’s(1+ week)
Free jazz, Ornette Coleman, Ýsmet Sýral- an extraordinary musician in Turkey, musical reactions, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, AACM.
10. Confusion and fusion, from the 70’s to 80’s(1+ week)
Ornette Coleman, Miles Davis, The keyboard players, Bill Evans revisited, AACM, Art Ensemble of Chigago, ECM, American musicians in Europe.
11. A plurality of the styles, through the 80’s to now, European jazz(1+ week)
Fusion, neoclassicism and modern bebop, free jazz of the 80’s, jazz in Europe, post modernism and jazz, new sounds, new age, electronic music, ethno and folk jazz, today and tomorrow.
12. A brief history of jazz in Turkey(1+ weeks)
Early dance music, swing time, Erol Pekcan, new compositions and styles, Tuna Ötenel, Selçuk Sun, Durul Gence, Anatolian jazz, Okay Temiz, similarities of the jazz spirit to Anatolian culture and music, current situation, future scenery. A guest lecturer: A jazz musician will participate the course.
13. Jazz and beyond(1+ week)
A music or philosophy, a new definition of jazz, a conclusion.
14. Creativity and improvisation of jazz in organisations as a systems approach (1 week)
Final Assigment: Prepare a project on a “discussion topic” about the history of jazz.*The electronic resources of the library can help you much in that work such as ebrary or ebscohost. %30
Final Exam (All the topics covered) %30
Office hours for GSM 121: You can inform the instructor by e-mail if you want to meet him urgently, you are welcome to come to the office in any time when the instructor is available.